Dating all estonia links
Ancient Scandinavian sagas refer to an area called Eistland, as the country is still called in Icelandic, with close parallels to the Danish, German, Dutch, Swedish and Norwegian terms Estland for the country.
The middle iron age produced threats appearing from different directions.
Human settlement in Estonia became possible 13,000 to 11,000 years ago, when the ice from the last glacial era melted.
The oldest known settlement in Estonia is the Pulli settlement, which was on the banks of the river Pärnu, near the town of Sindi, in south-western Estonia.
The territory of Estonia has been inhabited since at least 9,000 B. Ancient Estonians were some of the last European pagans to be Christianized, following the Livonian Crusade in the 13th century.
After centuries of successive rule by Germans, Danes, Swedes, Poles and Russians, a distinct Estonian national identity began to emerge in the 19th and early 20th centuries.
The era is seen to have been a period of rapid change.